Korean martial arts could not be practiced because of the regulations against that activity and the policies of repression of the Japanese government during the Japanese colonial period.
After achieving independence, some leaders of Taekwondo tried to secure their own legitimacy and improve Taekwondo after August 15th, National Liberation Day. After achieving independence, modern Taekwondo Dojangs appeared, such as Chungdoguan, Songmuguan, Mudukguan, Joseon Yeonmuguan kwonbubbu, and the Central YMCA Kwonbubbu, and the instruction of techniques began.
The Korea Taesudo Association was founded on September 16th, 1961. Later, the name of the Korea Taesudo Assocication was changed to the Korea Taekwondo Association.
Kukkiwon was founded as the KTA(Korea Taekwondo Association) central Dojang on Novermber 30th, 1972, and since then has played an important role in the distribution and perpetuation of the tradition of Taekwondo. The 10 Dojang derived from 5 Dojang, and then these were united into one organization according to the decision of the committee members of Taekwondo Main Center in 1978. Kukkiwon devotes itself to spread Taekwando culture, spirit and history worldwide, increasing the best competitive power of Taekwando as a martial art in life.
In the 1980s, the association focused on the universities, especially the university departments or majors. The alumine of Taekwondo were very influential in the drafting Taekwondo’s policies and, thus, its development.
To date, Taekwondo Department have been founded in 60 universities. Taekwondo major is also accepted in universities of many foreign countries.
Taekwondo became a demonstration sport on September 17th, 1988 in the 24th Seoul Olympics, and this became a bridgehead to spread Taekwondo world wide.
Taekwondo became an official Olympic sport at the 103th IOC Assembly in Paris, France. The Korean Language become an official language of the Olympic Games, joining English, French, and Japanese. Taekwondo is now an international martial art in 203 countries, and includes 80 million practitioners.
Recent Olympic History
Taekwondo is one of the two Asian martial arts included on the Olympic programmed. Taekwondo made its debut as a demonstration Olympic sport at the 1988 Seoul Games, 2000 Sydney Games, 2004 Athens, 2008 Beijing, 2012 London, 2016 Rio and 2020 Tokyo.